4 of the Laws of Belize - THE CONSTITUTION OF BELIZE
23.-(1) Every person born in Belize, immediately before Independence
Day, shall become a citizen of Belize on Independence Day.
(2) Every person who, immediately before Independence Day,
is a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies-
having become such a citizen under the British Nationality
Act 1948 by virtue of his having been naturalised in Belize
as a British subject before that Act came into force;
having while resident in Belize become such a citizen
by virtue of his having been naturalised or registered
under that Act,
become a citizen of Belize on Independence Day.
(3) Every person born outside Belize, before Independence
Day, shall become a citizen of Belize on Independence Day
if his father or mother becomes, or would but for his death
or the renunciation of his citizenship have become, a citizen
of Belize by virtue of subsection (1) or (2) of this section.
(4) Every person born outside Belize before Independence Day
shall become a citizen of Belize on Independence Day if one
of his grandparents becomes, or would but for his death or
renunciation of his citizenship have become, a citizen of
Belize by virtue of subsection (1) or (2) of this section.
(5) Every woman shall become a citizen of Belize on Independence
Day if immediately before Independence Day, she is married
to a person who becomes or, but for his death or the renunciation
of his citizenship, would have become a citizen of Belize
by virtue of subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) of this section.
(6) In this section, the British Nationality Act 1948"
includes any Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom amending
24. Every person born in Belize on or after Independence Day
shall become a citizen of Belize at the date of his birth:
Provided that a person shall not become a citizen of Belize
by virtue of this section if at the time of his birth-
neither of his parents is a citizen of Belize and
his father or mother possesses such immunity from suit
and legal process as is accorded to the envoy of a foreign
sovereign power accredited to Belize; or
his father or mother is a citizen of a country with which
Belize is at war and the birth occurs in a place then
under occupation by that country.
25. A person born outside Belize on or after Independence
Day shall become a citizen of Belize at the date of his birth
if, at that date, his father or mother is a citizen of Belize.
26.-(l) The following persons may, upon making application
at any time after Independence Day, be registered as citizens
of Belize -
any person who is married to a citizen of Belize;
any person who has been resident continuously in Belize
for a period of five years immediately before the date
of his application;
any person who makes a substantial contribution to the
economy and/or well being of Belize or who has rendered
distinguished service to Belize.
(2) The National Assembly shall prescribe by law the procedure
for making and determining applications, and the conditions
to be fulfilled by persons making applications, for registration
under this section.
(3) A person registered as a citizen of Belize under this
section shall become a citizen of Belize on the date on which
he is so registered.
27. A citizen of Belize by birth or descent who acquires the
citizenship of any other country may, if the laws of the other
country so permit and at his option, retain his citizenship
28. The National Assembly may make provision, not inconsistent
with this Part, in respect of citizenship, including provision
the acquisition of citizenship of Belize by persons
who are not eligible or who are no longer eligible to
become citizens of Belize under this Part;
depriving any person of his citizenship of Belize;
the renunciation by any person of his citizenship of Belize.
29.-(1)For the purposes of this Part, a person born aboard
a registered ship or aircraft, or aboard an unregistered ship
or aircraft of the government of any country, shall be deemed
to have been born in the place in which the ship or aircraft
was registered or, as the case may be, in that country.
(2) Any reference in this Part to the national status of the
father of a person at the time of that persons birth
shall, in relation to a person born after the death of his
father, be construed as a reference to the national status
of the father at the time of the fathers death; and
where that death occurred before Independence Day and the
birth occurred on or after Independence Day the national status
that the father would have had if he had died on Independence
Day shall be deemed to be his national status at the time
of his death.
(3) No person shall be entitled under the provisions of this
Part to be a citizen of Belize or be granted citizenship of
Belize if such person shows any allegiance to or is a citizen
of a country which does not recognise the independence, sovereignty
or territorial integrity of Belize:
Provided that the Minister may in his discretion grant Belizean
citizenship to persons falling under this subsection who would
otherwise be entitled to such citizenship under the provisions
of sections 23 and 25 of the Constitution.
(4) Where a person born outside Belize is entitled to be a
citizen of Belize under the provisions of this Part, the right
to Belizean citizenship shall not be deemed to accrue upon
the conditions giving rise to such entitlement arising but
the citizenship shall be sought for by the person entitled
to or on his behalf and obtained by the grant by the Minister
of proper certification affirming his citizenship.
(5) Where a person claiming citizenship by birth, descent
or registration makes an application or request for the grant
of citizenship the stay of such person in Belize shall not
be considered illegal under the provisions of any law for
so long and only for so long as such stay is necessary for
the disposal of his application. His right of abode, or that
of his wife or dependents if any under the age of eighteen
years, shall not be affected pending the disposal of his application.
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